MOFFETT FIELD, Calif. – NASA has selected a final destination for its
Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite, or LCROSS, after a
journey of nearly 5.6 million miles that included several orbits
around Earth and the moon. The mission team announced Wednesday that
Cabeus A will be the target crater for the LCROSS dual impacts
scheduled for 7:30 a.m. EDT on Oct. 9, 2009. The crater was selected
after an extensive review as the optimal location for LCROSS’
evaluation of whether water ice exists at the lunar south pole.
LCROSS will search for water ice by sending its spent upper-stage
Centaur rocket to impact the permanently shadowed polar crater. The
satellite will fly into the plume of dust left by the impact and
measure the properties before also colliding with the lunar surface.
The LCROSS team selected Cabeus A based on a set of conditions that
include proper debris plume illumination for visibility from Earth, a
high concentration of hydrogen, and mature crater features such as a
flat floor, gentle slopes and the absence of large boulders.
“The selection of Cabeus A was a result of a vigorous debate within
the lunar science community that included review of the latest data
from Earth-based observatories and our fellow lunar missions Kaguya,
Chandrayaan-1, and the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter,” said Anthony
Colaprete, LCROSS project scientist and principle investigator at
NASA’s Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, Calif. “The team is
looking forward to the impacts and the wealth of information this
unique mission will produce.”
A cadre of professional astronomers using many of the Earth’s most
capable observatories is helping maximize the scientific return from
the LCROSS impacts. These observatories include the Infrared
Telescope Facility and Keck telescope in Hawaii; the Magdalena Ridge
and Apache Ridge Observatories in New Mexico and the MMT Observatory
in Arizona; the newly refurbished Hubble Space Telescope; and the
Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, among others.
“These and several other telescopes participating in the LCROSS
Observation Campaign will provide observations from different vantage
points using different types of measurement techniques,” said
Jennifer Heldmann, lead for the LCROSS Observation Campaign at Ames.
“These multiple observations will complement the LCROSS spacecraft
data to help determine whether or not water ice exists in Cabeus A.”
During a media briefing Sept. 11, Daniel Andrews, LCROSS project
manager at Ames, provided a mission status update indicating the
spacecraft is healthy and has enough fuel to successfully accomplish
all mission objectives. Andrews also announced the dedication of the
LCROSS mission to the memory of legendary news anchor, Walter
Cronkite, who provided coverage of NASA’s missions from the beginning
of America’s manned space program to the age of the space shuttle.
“Dad would sure be proud to be part, if just in name, of getting
humans back up to the moon and beyond,” said Chip Cronkite, son of
the famed news anchor.
The LCROSS mission was selected in April 2006 as a mission manifested
with the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. Both missions launched on June
18, 2009 on an Atlas V from Cape Canaveral, Fla. The LCROSS mission
and science operations are managed at Ames.
“The LCROSS team has long been preparing for its final destination on
the moon, and we’re looking forward to October 9,” Andrews said. “The
next 28 days will undoubtedly be very exciting.”
For more information about the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing
Satellite Mission and images of Cabeus A, visit:
WASHINGTON — NASA Administrator Charles Bolden and European Space
Agency (ESA) Director General Jean-Jacques Dordain signed a
memorandum of understanding Friday for cooperation in the field of
space transportation. The agreement was signed at NASA Headquarters
“From shuttle Spacelab missions to the International Space Station,
ESA has a long history of participating with NASA in human
spaceflight,” Bolden said. “With this agreement, it is our intent to
continue to build this relationship, sharing valuable engineering
analyses and technology concepts that will help transport humans to
low Earth orbit and beyond.”
The agreement will allow NASA and ESA to exchange technical
information and personnel, which will aid the eventual development of
new transportation systems. It is expected that ESA’s Ariane 5
development and flight experience will provide valuable engineering
analyses and technology concepts for NASA’s new launch and spacecraft
“The memorandum of understanding marks a new milestone in the already
very strong and long-lasting cooperation between ESA and NASA,” said
ESA’s Dordain. “The exchange of technical information this document
allows in the fields of space transportation will be beneficial to
both agencies and will facilitate our work toward future launch
systems, human spaceflight and exploration missions.”
The exchanges of information will provide NASA with assistance in a
number of areas, including: composite material technology;
development of payload shrouds; and management of propellants in
spacecraft propulsion systems used for transit to and from lunar
For more information about NASA and agency programs, visit:
WASHINGTON — To prepare for human exploration of the moon and other
destinations in our solar system, NASA is conducting a field test of
rovers and equipment at an Earthly site in the Arizona desert.
Hundreds of students are invited to experience it. NASA’s annual
Desert RATS — or Research and Technology Studies — field test is
underway. The agency has planned a variety of activities to engage
students in the practical application of the science, technology,
math and engineering skills critical to space exploration.
Dozens of students from Flagstaff and surrounding areas have been
invited to visit the test site at Black Point Lava Flow on Sept. 16.
They will be introduced to the work NASA engineers and researchers
conducted during the field test. In addition, college teams that
ranked highest in NASA’s 2009 Moon Work Engineering Contest will
present their projects to members of the NASA field test team. The
winning teams are from the University of Maryland, College Park; the
University of Akron, Ohio; and Texas A&M University, College Station.
As part of the day’s activities, hundreds of elementary and middle
school students participating in “Education Alley” at the American
Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics’ Space 2009 Conference in
Pasadena, Calif., will observe field test activities and chat live
with the NASA engineers and researchers via satellite at 1 p.m. EDT.
Heather Paul and Kimberly Land of NASA’s Exploration Technology
Development Program will host the event, which will include NASA
experts explaining how the agency plans to use similar rovers on the
moon; video clips of field test demonstrations; and questions from
students. Students everywhere can view the event and learn more about
the Desert RATS activities at:
The 2009 Desert RATS tests focus on a simulated 14-day mission. Two
crew members — an astronaut and a geologist — will live for 14 days
inside NASA’s prototype Lunar Electric Rover, searching the area for
features of geologic interest and conducting simulated moonwalks to
collect samples. NASA’s K10 scout robot examined the location in
August to identify areas of interest. NASA’s heavy-lift rover
Tri-ATHLETE — or All-Terrain Hex-Limbed Extra-Terrestrial Explorer
— will carry a habitat mockup to which the rover will dock.
The Desert RATS tests have taken place for more than a decade, as
engineers from NASA centers have worked together with representatives
from both industry and academia to determine what will be needed when
NASA makes trips to other worlds. Future Desert RATS analog test
activities could involve international partners in the quest toward
human planetary exploration. This year’s work will build on the
investigations of previous years, increasing the scope and length of
NASA centers involved are Johnson Space Center in Houston; Langley
Research Center, in Hampton, Va.; Jet Propulsion Laboratory in
Pasadena, Calif.; Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, Calif.;
Kennedy Space Center in Florida.; Goddard Space Flight Center in
Greenbelt, Md.; Glenn Research Center in Cleveland; Marshall Space
Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala.; and NASA Headquarters in
Desert RATS participants from outside of NASA include the Smithsonian
Institution in Washington; the United States Geological Survey in
Flagstaff, Ariz.; Arizona State University in Tempe; University of
Texas at El Paso; University of Colorado at Denver; Brown University
in Providence, R.I.; and the Mars Institute at Moffett Field, Calif.
For more information about NASA’s “Moon Work” contest, visit:
For information about NASA’s education programs, visit:
MOFFETT FIELD, Calif. — Reporters are invited to participate in a
news conference at NASA’s Ames Research Center at 10 a.m. PDT on
Tuesday, Sept. 15, featuring Vivek Kundra, White House federal chief
information officer. He will outline his vision for a new federal
government cloud computing initiative.
NASA Deputy Administrator Lori Garver and top Silicon Valley
information technology leaders are scheduled to attend the news
conference. The event will be broadcast live on NASA Television.
The event will be held at NASA’s Ames Research Center Exploration
Center, located at the NASA Main Gate, Moffett Blvd. and Hwy 101
(Exit 398). Parking will be available adjacent to the Ames
Exploration Center. To reach Ames, take U.S. Highway 101 to the
Moffett Field/NASA Parkway exit and drive east on Moffett Field
Boulevard toward the main gate. The Exploration Center is the large
white dome located adjacent to the main gate on the right.
For NASA TV streaming video, downlink and scheduling information,
For information about NASA and agency programs, visit:
PROMONTORY, Utah — NASA and industry engineers lit up the Utah sky
Thursday with the initial full-scale, full-duration test firing of
the first stage motor for the Ares I rocket. The Ares I is a crew
launch vehicle in development for NASA’s Constellation Program.
ATK Space Systems conducted the successful stationary firing of the
five-segment solid development motor 1, or DM-1. ATK Space Systems, a
division of Alliant Techsystems of Brigham City, Utah, is the prime
contractor for the Ares I first stage. Engineers will use the
measurements gathered from the test to evaluate thrust, roll control,
acoustics and motor vibrations. This data will provide valuable
information as NASA develops the Ares I and Ares V vehicles. Another
ground test is planned for summer 2010.
“With this test, we have taken lessons learned from many years of
experience in solid rocket motor development and have built on that
foundation,” said Alex Priskos, first stage manager for Ares Projects
at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala. “Our team
collected data from 650 sensors today to evaluate the motor’s
performance. This test and those that follow are essential to
understanding as many aspects of our motor as possible, including
strengths and weaknesses, and ultimately delivering the safest and
most reliable motor possible.”
This was the second attempt to conduct the two-minute rocket test at
ATK’s test stand in Promontory, Utah. The first test on Aug. 27 was
canceled with 20 seconds left in the countdown because of a problem
with a component of the ground controller unit, which sends power to
the system that moves the nozzle during the test. Through a detailed
investigation, the engineering team pinpointed the problem and
replaced the faulty part.
The first stage motor will generate up to 3.6 million pounds of
thrust, or lifting power, at launch. Although similar to the solid
rocket boosters that help power the space shuttle to orbit, the Ares
development motor includes several upgrades and technology
improvements implemented by NASA and ATK engineers.
Motor upgrades from a shuttle booster include the addition of a fifth
segment, a larger nozzle throat, and upgraded insulation and liner.
The forward motor segment also has been improved for performance by
adding another fin, or slot in the propellant. This change in the
geometry of the propellant provides additional surface area for
burning the solid fuel, which results in greater thrust.
The DM-1 nozzle throat is three inches wider in diameter than the
nozzle used for the shuttle. The bigger nozzle throat allows the
motor to handle the additional thrust from the five-segment booster.
It also meets NASA’s structural requirements to stay within the
pressure capacity of the existing steel cases — the large,
barrel-shaped cylinders that house the fuel — ensuring safety and
reliability. Upgrades also were made to the insulation and liner that
protect the first stage’s steel cases.
The motor cases are flight proven hardware used on shuttle launches
for more than three decades. The cases used in this ground test have
collectively flown on 48 previous missions, including STS-1, the
first shuttle flight.
Marshall manages the Ares Projects and is responsible for design and
development of the Ares I rocket and Ares V heavy cargo launch
vehicle. NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston manages the
Constellation Program, which includes the Ares I, Ares V, Orion crew
module and Altair lunar lander. The program also includes multiple
project teams at NASA centers and contract organizations around the
For more information about the Ares rockets, visit:
For more information about NASA’s Constellation Program, visit:
The light attack and advanced training Super Tucano turboprop will be highlighted
São José dos Campos, September 10, 2009 –
Embraer is a newcomer to the Air Force
Association (AFA) Annual Air & Space
Conference and Technology Exposition taking
place September 14-16, in its 24th edition. The
conference will be held at the Gaylord National
Hotel & Convention Center on the Potomac, in
National Harbor, Md., just minutes from
downtown Washington, D.C.. At the event,
Embraer will promote its most successful defense
product: the Super Tucano, a single- or two-seat
light attack and advanced training turboprop.
“The AFA Annual Air & Space Conference and Technology Exposition is one of the market’s
most productive trade events,” says Acir Padilha, Embraer Vice President, Marketing and
Sales, Defense Market. “Therefore, we are glad to have this opportunity to promote the Super
Tucano, the only turboprop aircraft in production, worldwide, with its low operating cost,
which is combat proven and specifically designed for counterinsurgency, irregular warfare,
and day and night missions, as well as advanced training.”
Of a total of 169 aircraft sold, so far – 99 of which to the Brazilian Air Force (Força Aérea
Brasileira – FAB) – Embraer has orders from the Air Forces of Chile, the Dominican
Republic, and Ecuador. The Super Tucano currently operates successfully with the Brazilian
and Colombian Air Forces on border surveillance and operational missions.
About the AFA Annual Air & Space Conference and Technology Exposition
The Air & Space Conference is a one-of-a-kind event bringing together Air Force leaders,
industry experts, academia, and aerospace specialists from around the world to discuss the
issues, challenges and accomplishments of today’s aerospace community. The Technology
Exposition will feature over 130 of the most significant aerospace exhibitors, displaying and
demonstrating the latest breakthroughs in air and space technology. AFA 2009 exhibits
highlight the most recent developments in technology and education. Learn more about the
event at http://www.afa.org/events/Conference/2009.
About the Super Tucano
The Super Tucano is an innovative evolution of the world-renowned basic training Tucano
aircraft, around 650 of which were produced and have been serving 15 air forces, worldwide.
The Super Tucano was designed to operate in the most complex combat settings, including
night vision capability, smart weaponry, and data link technology. Besides a reinforced
structure for operations on rustic landing fields, the aircraft has an advanced navigation and
weapon aiming system that ensures high mission precision and reliability, even under extreme
conditions and with minimal logistical support.
The turboprop is in full production on a very active and flexible assembly line, in keeping
with Embraer’s ability to meet its customer needs and deliver aircraft within short time spans.
Besides the aircraft, Embraer also supplies an advanced training and support system for the
operations of the Super Tucano. TOSS (Training and Operation Support System) consists of
four systems: CBT (Computer-Based Training) that improves pilot learning; FS (Flight
Simulator); MPS (Mission Planning Stations); and MDS (Mission Debriefing Station) to
analyze mission data and results.
Company will display its Legacy 600 executive aircraft at JetExpo 2009, in Moscow
São José dos Campos, September 10, 2009 –
Embraer will participate in the fourth Russian
International Business Aviation Exhibition, JetExpo
2009 (www.JetExpo.ru), at the Crocus Expo
complex, in Moscow, Russia, September 16-18. The
Company will showcase the Legacy 600 jet in the
static display at the Avia Business Terminal, in
Vnukovo-3 Airport, and promote its portfolio of
“Embraer is pleased to participate, once again, in
JetExpo, the only trade show dedicated to business
aviation in Russia, and, at the same time, to give the
public an opportunity to see the Legacy 600,” said
Colin Steven, Embraer Vice President Marketing and
Sales – Europe, Africa and the Middle East,
Executive Jets. “We believe that our range of
executive jets, with their superior performance,
economics and comfort, are ideally suited to meeting
customer demands in the Russian market.”
The Company’s expanded portfolio is comprised of the entry level Phenom 100, the light
Phenom 300, the newly launched midlight Legacy 450 and midsize Legacy 500, the proven
super midsize Legacy 600, and the ultra-large Lineage 1000 jets. All of them are positioned at
the top of their categories, offering premium comfort, excellent performance and low
About Embraer Executive Jets
Embraer’s Executive Jets offer cabin sizes and flexible ranges that are well-suited to the most
diverse demands, permitting greater work productivity and saving valuable travel time, which
can be enjoyed in comfort and privacy.
The entry level Phenom 100 can accommodate up to eight occupants and has seven different
interior options designed in partnership with BMW Group DesignworksUSA. Its range of 1,178
nautical miles (2,182 km), including NBAA IFR fuel reserves, means the aircraft is capable of
flying nonstop from New York to Miami, in the U.S.; from London to Rome, in Europe; or from
Brisbane to Melbourne, in Australia. The jet was certified in December 2008, and has proved to
be the fastest and to have the largest baggage capacity in its category. The Phenom 100 has the
latest in cockpit design, and a private aft lavatory is one of its competitive features.
The Phenom 300 light jet accommodates up to ten occupants in a spacious and pleasant
interior, also designed in partnership with BMW Group DesignworksUSA. Swept wings, with
winglets, and modern onboard systems were developed with outstanding flight performance
in mind. A single refueling port, an externally serviced lavatory, and excellent cabin
pressurization are some of the jet’s distinctive features. The Phenom 300 is one of the fastest
aircraft in the light jet category, reaching 518 mph (833 km/h, or 450 knots – KTAS), and it
can fly at an altitude of up to 45,000 feet (13,716 meters). Its range of 1,800 nautical miles
(3,334 km), including NBAA IFR fuel reserves, means the aircraft is capable of flying
nonstop from New York to Dallas, in the U.S.; from London to Athens, in Europe; or from
Delhi (India) to Dubai (United Arab Emirates).
Launched in 2008, the mid-light Legacy 450 and midsize Legacy 500 set a new paradigm in
their respective executive jet categories. Their interiors were designed in partnership with BMW
Group DesignworksUSA, and offer unequaled comfort and style. These aircraft will have the
largest cabin and the best acoustical insulation in their classes. A flat-floor stand-up (six-foot)
cabin, excellent pressurization, and vacuum lavatories are other highlights of the Legacy 450
and Legacy 500, complementing their superior performance and low operating costs.
The new-generation Rockwell Collins Pro Line Fusion™ avionics system will provide
extensive situational awareness with a highly intuitive interface. Honeywell’s HTF7500E
state-of-the-art engines incorporate the latest technologies for meeting performance
requirements with improved efficiency, in terms of fuel consumption, facilitated maintenance,
low operating costs, and reduced noise and pollution emissions, thus lessening their
environmental impact. The jets will be the fastest in their categories and the only ones
equipped with cutting-edge fly-by-wire electronic flight controls that increase operating safety
and passenger comfort, while reducing pilot workload and fuel consumption.
The mid-light Legacy 450 is being designed to carry up to nine passengers. Its range will be
2,300 nautical miles (4,260 km) with four passengers, or 2,200 nautical miles (4,070 km) with
eight passengers, both including NBAA IFR fuel reserves, meaning the jet will be able to fly
nonstop from London to Moscow (Russia) or Rabat (Morocco); from Delhi (India) to Dubai
or Hong Kong; or from Jakarta (Indonesia) to Calcutta (India).
The midsize Legacy 500 will carry up to nine passengers. It is being designed for a range of
3,000 nautical miles (5,560 km) with four passengers, or 2,800 nautical miles (5,190 km) with
eight passengers, both including NBAA IFR fuel reserves. These characteristics will allow
customers to fly from New York to Los Angeles, in the U.S.; or from Moscow (Russia) to
The super midsize Legacy 600 carries 13 passengers (standard configuration) in comfort and
privacy in three distinct cabin zones. The refined interior offers leather seats, sofa, credenza, and
tables for meals or meetings. The airplane also has a spacious galley for preparing hot and cold
meals, an ample aft lavatory, wardrobes, cabinets, and an entertainment system with DVD and
satellite communication. Optional High-Speed Data (HSD) equipment and Wi-Fi technology
enable customers to browse the Internet, access e-mail, and transfer files during trips, providing a better use of time, increased work productivity, and more entertainment possibilities. The aircraft has a large baggage compartment, which is easily accessed during flight, and has a total capacity of 286 cubic feet (8,100 liters). The jet has a cruising speed of Mach 0.80. Its range of 3,250 nautical miles (6,019 km) with eight passengers, or 3,400 nautical miles (6,297 km) with four passengers, both with NBAA IFR fuel reserves, means that the jet can fly nonstop from Munich (Germany), London or Geneva (Switzerland) to Dubai; from Berlin (Germany) to Praia (Cape Verde); from Frankfurt (Germany) to Karachi (Pakistan); from Hamburg (Germany) to Delhi; from Los Angeles (U.S.) to Honolulu (Hawaii); from Delhi (India) or Singapore to Tokyo
(Japan); or from Shanghai (China) to Delhi. More than 170 Legacy 600 jets presently operate in
26 countries, with high rates of dispatch reliability and low operating costs.
The ultra-large Lineage 1000 is Embraer’s biggest executive jet and can carry 19 passengers in
five cabin zones. Its range of 4,400 nautical miles (8,149 km) with eight passengers, or 4,500
nautical miles (8,334 km) with four passengers, both with NBAA IFR fuel reserves, means that
the jet is able to fly nonstop from London to Dubai; from Dubai to Johannesburg (South Africa);
from New York to Moscow; or from Singapore to Sydney (Australia). The interior design gives
priority to comfort and refinement, and was designed in conjunction with Priestman Goode, from
the U.K. The cabin uses the category’s most sophisticated materials. A wide variety of
configurations meets all passenger requirements with enough space to work, rest, and hold
meetings. Optional items include Wi-Fi technology, access to the Internet, and Electronic Flight
Bag (EFB). An ample aft baggage compartment, pressurized and conveniently accessible during
flight, has a total capacity of 323 cubic feet (9,140 liters) and is the largest among all competitors.
Honeywell’s Primus Epic® integrated avionics system has five Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)
multi-functional control screens, Cursor Control Device (CCD), auto throttle, weather radar with
turbulence detection, and other state-of-the-art technologies. The Lineage 1000 is equipped with the latest electronic fly-by-wire flight control system.
In order to meet the demands of executive jet customers, Embraer invested in the creation of a
support system consisting of six Company-owned service centers and an extensive authorized
service center network, worldwide. The Company also has partnerships with renowned
companies in the areas of logistics and pilot and mechanic training, besides offering routine
inspections, scheduled and unscheduled maintenance and special service solution programs,
like the Embraer Executive Care (EEC). The Company’s product support structure covers
flight operations, and technical and maintenance support customized according to the
operating profile of each aircraft, as well as a new customer Contact Center. This structure
makes possible a significant reduction of the aircraft costs and downtime and maximizes the
benefits of this important business tool. More information about Embraer Executive Jets is
available at http://www.EmbraerExecutiveJets.com
LONG BEACH, Calif., Sept. 10, 2009 — Boeing [NYSE: BA] today delivered the Qatar Emiri Air Force’s second C-17 Globemaster III during a ceremony at the company’s C-17 final assembly facility in Long Beach, completing Qatar’s initial order for the world’s most advanced airlifter.
“On behalf of the Qatar Emiri Air Force, I want to thank Boeing’s C-17 work force and suppliers for a job well done,” said Brig. Gen. Ahmed Al-Malki, head of Qatar’s airlift selection committee. “The C-17s you built for Qatar will help us extend our reach when supporting humanitarian aid, disaster relief and peacekeeping missions.”
The aircraft, designated Qatar 02, is registered as a military aircraft yet bears the same gray, maroon and white livery seen on government-owned Qatar Airways commercial jetliners. This unique C-17 paint scheme — the first of its kind — is intended to build awareness of Qatar’s participation in operations around the world, Al-Malki said.
Qatar 02 will make a brief stop at Charleston Air Force Base, S.C., before heading to its new home at Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar.
“As you leave Long Beach today with the second C-17 to join your fleet, we offer you our best wishes with each and every mission,” said Bob Ciesla, Boeing director of Follow-On Programs, Global Mobility Systems. “As an extended member of our C-17 family, always remember that you will have Boeing’s support wherever you go, whatever the mission.”
Boeing will provide operational support, including material management and depot maintenance support, under the C-17 Globemaster III Sustainment Partnership.
Qatar, the first Middle East nation to order the C-17, signed an agreement with Boeing on July 21, 2008, for two advanced airlifters and associated equipment and services, with an option for two additional aircraft. Boeing delivered Qatar’s first C-17 on Aug. 11.
“As a tactical and strategic airlifter, the C-17 is a perfect fit for the requirements of the Qatar Emiri Air Force,” said Tommy Dunehew, Boeing Global Mobility Systems vice president of Business Development. “In addition to being able to land and take off on short, unimproved runways, it has the highest mission capability rate of any airlifter, which means it is ready to fly roughly 90 percent of the time.”
There are currently 206 C-17s in service worldwide. With today’s delivery, 17 have been placed with international customers. The U.S. Air Force, including active Guard and Reserve units, has 189. International customers include Qatar, the United Kingdom’s Royal Air Force, the Canadian Forces, the Royal Australian Air Force and the 12-member Strategic Airlift Capability consortium of NATO and Partnership for Peace nations. The United Arab Emirates announced on Feb. 24 that it also will acquire four C-17s.
Delta Air Lines is in talks to invest in struggling Japan Airlines (JAL) and become its biggest shareholder, Japanese media said on Friday….